Minerals & Trace Elements Guide

On this Page we have compiled an overview of the most important Minerals in our body and of their function and relationship to each other and to other nutrients and vitamins. This information is not an endorsement of our products but merely should be viewed as a sharing of knowledge which is widely published and available from your local health practitioner or online.

A little bit of info on Minerals

As you read the following, please take note of the interaction and critical interdependency of each mineral. Many are used by the body in unison to fulfill the same tasks in the same areas of responsibility within the body. In basic terms many need each other to optimise their effect on fixing the problem. When you give your car a service, it takes a number of different co-factors to get it back in shape. Our body is no different. But it is critical that you give the correct amount of each, too much of one and something will not work as efficiently as it should. This is why you need a balanced source of Minerals and vitamins. 

Explain Co-Factors and Mineral Interaction?

To metabolize Vitamins C, D, E, B-Complex, Calcium, Sodium, Iron and Phosphorous, You need Magnesium. For Healthy DNA & RNA you need Magnesium, Potassium, Calcium, Copper, Chromium and Zinc. But to Metabolize Magnesium and Calcium, you need Boron and Vitamin D. To metabolize B Vitamins, you need Iron and Zinc. To absorb Vitamin B12 and Iron you need Chloride. For Protein Synthesis you need Magnesium, Potassium, Zinc and Iron.

It may seem confusing but it is actually quite simple. We need a combination of each of these minerals, vitamins and trace elements. One of the few places remaining where they now exist in abundance and in harmony is our living oceans. With a proper mineral balance you will get more goodness from your food and vitamins. Thus more energy, healthier cell production and a better and more healthy you.

Our body needs a healthy balance of Minerals and Trace Elements to maintain normal health. Many of these Minerals and Trace Elements act like the communication signals for our body. So if the body no longer has sufficient supply of these minerals the messages or signals may not be delivered. It is for this reason that so much of what is going on in our bodies is dependent on the correct Mineral & Trace Element Ratio. It's all about Mineral and Vitamin Balance.

  • Mineral Balance in the body will re-ignite the natural signalling network throughout our system.
  • A better Mineral balance will significantly improve our body's ability to better absorb nutrients and vitamins
  • Minerals help replace Electrolytes and helps restore cell nutrition
  • Contributes to overall body and system health.

Benefits of minerals


Magnesium plays an important role in regulating the neuromuscular activity of the heart; maintains normal heart rhythm; necessary for proper calcium & Vitamin C metabolism; converts blood sugar into energy. Magnesium is vital for many metabolic functions such as the activation of enzymes for proper metabolism of protein and carbohydrates for energy production. It is a constituent of bones and teeth and is important as a co-factor mineral for the metabolism of other minerals and vitamins such as phosphorus, calcium, potassium, sodium, B-complex vitamins, and vitamins C and E. Magnesium is absorbed in the small intestine and vitamin D is necessary for proper utilisation of the mineral Iron. High in Electrolytes, it is essential for normal heartbeat, nerve transmission, bone growth, body temperature, and arterial health. Magnesium, in proper balance with calcium, is important for neuromuscular contractions and is vital for DNA and RNA production. “Responsible for more than 600 Enzymatic reactions including energy metabolism and protein synthesis” (Dept of Physiology, Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, Netherlands, Jan 2015)


Potassium is important for chemical reactions within the cells, and regulates the transfer of nutrients to the cells. Potassium helps to regulate water balance in the body, and the distribution of fluids on both sides of the cell walls. It is an electrolyte needed to maintain fluid balance, normal heartbeat, and nerve transmission. Potassium is absorbed through the intestines and is stored in the cells and kidneys. It is necessary for adrenal glands. Potassium is important for proper muscle contractions, normal blood pressure, growth, nerve impulses, healthy skin, cell metabolism, and enzyme reactions. Potassium also supports increases to the metabolism. 


Calcium is needed for so many different functions in the body, from bones, to blood clotting, your muscles, for the formation and maintenance of bones, the development of teeth and healthy gums, for blood clotting, stabilizes many body functions and is thought to assist in bowel cancer. It has a natural calming and tranquilizing effect and is necessary for maintaining a regular heartbeat and the transmission of nerve impulses. It helps with lowering cholesterol, muscular growth, the prevention of muscle cramps and normal blood clotting. Furthermore it also helps with protein structuring in DNA and RNA. It provides energy, breaks down fats, maintains proper cell membrane permeability, aids in neuromuscular activity and helps to keep the skin healthy. Calcium also stops lead from being absorbed into bone.


Sodium is necessary for proper water balance in the body, transition of fluids across cell walls, and proper blood pH. Sodium works in conjunction with potassium for extracellular fluid balances. Sodium is easily absorbed in the small intestine and stomach and transported through the blood to the kidneys where it is filtered out of the body. Sodium is important for proper digestion in the stomach, nerve function, and muscle contractions. Also helps keep the blood soluble, and aids in the cleansing process of carbon dioxide from the body.


Chloride aids in the production of stomach acid and the transmission of nerve impulses. Helps regulate water balance in cells, acid-base balance and electrolyte balance. Necessary for the production of hydrochloric acid in stomach acid. Required for the absorption of vitamin B12 and iron. Helps stop the growth of microorganisms that enter the stomach. Activates amylases.


Copper is absorbed into the intestine and quickly moves to the blood stream. It is stored in the liver, kidneys, heart, brain, muscles, and bones. Copper aids in the formation of bones, conversion of iron into hemoglobin, and works with zinc and vitamin C for the production of elastrin. It is necessary for the production of RNA, phospholipids, protein metabolism and adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Copper helps convert tyrosine into a pigment that colors the skin and hair. It is involved in the healing process, taste, healthy nerves, and the formation of collagen. Copper imbalance raises cholesterol by destroying proper HDL to LDL balance. Critical for metabolizing iron; plays a role in connective tissue formation (ie-muscle and blood vessels); protein synthesis. Necessary for the absorption & utilization of Iron; helps oxidize Vitamin C and works with Vitamin C to form Elastin, a chief component of the Elastin muscle fibers throughout the body; aids in the formation of red blood cells; helps proper bone formation & maintenance.


Iron plays an important role in the production of hemoglobin with protein and copper and oxygenation of red blood cells and lymphocytes. Iron improves the function of enzymes in protein metabolism and enhances the functions of calcium and copper. It is absorbed in the small intestine and stored in the liver, spleen, bone marrow, and blood. Iron is needed to metabolize B vitamins.


Strontium may be essential for proper bone growth. May help prevent tooth decay.


Zinc is important for absorption and action of B-complex vitamins. It is required for protein synthesis, collagen formation, healthy immune system, and to aid the body to heal from wounds. Zinc is absorbed in the small intestine and is stored in the liver, eyes, kidneys, pancreas, bones, muscles, prostate gland, sperm, nails, skin, hair, and white blood cells. Zinc inhibits 5-alpha reductase from converting testosterone into dihydrotestosterone (DHT) a form of testosterone that promotes prostate growth. Zinc increases testosterone, & sperm count. If a zinc deficiency exists, sex drive is reduced in order to conserve the zinc (zinc is concentrated in semen). Zinc is involved in protein synthesis, muscle contraction, formation of insulin, maintaining acid-base balance, synthesis of DNA, brain functions. Excessive sweating leads to loss of up to 3 mg per day.


Phosphorus is important to keep in balance with calcium and magnesium. It plays a role in every metabolic reaction in the body and is important for the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, and protein for proper growth and production of energy. Phosphorus is absorbed through the intestines, transported in the bloodstream, and stored in the bones and teeth. 70% of ingested phosphorus is absorbed.


Selenium is an antioxidant that protects vitamin E from degradation. It helps to build the immune system by destroying free radicals, and aid in the production of antibodies. Selenium is absorbed through the intestines and stored in the liver, kidneys, and muscles. The lower the selenium intake the higher the incidents of cancer. Selenium fortifies heart energy cells, making sure they get enough oxygen. Selenium helps eliminate arsenic. Helpful in stroke prevention. Helps protect against the effects from arsenic, cadmium and mercury. Component of glutathione peroxidase, protecting tissues from the effects of polyunsaturated fatty acid oxidation.


Chromium stimulates enzyme involved in glucose metabolism, and improves the effectiveness of insulin in its relationship with glucose. It competes with iron to transport protein in the blood and is involved in RNA-protein binding ability. Chromium is poorly absorbed (5% bioavailability). It is stored in the spleen, testicles, kidneys, pancreas, heart, lungs, and brain. Helps stabilize nucleic acids (DNA & RNA) against structural changes. Helps stimulate the synthesis of fatty acids & cholesterol in the liver.


Boron is used to help with menopausal symptoms as well as maintaining healthy bones, hence its affinity to calcium and magnesium.